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The relationship between the Benedictine monks of the Camaldolese Congregation and the forest around the Italian Hermitage of Camaldoli in Arezzo can be considered as special case of sustainability. The agrosilvopastoral productive system established and managed for over eight centuries by the monks is a tangible example of multifunctional, flexible and sustainable management of environmental resources, and of socio-economic development. However, this relationship suggests an inner development chance for everyone, beside having a spiritual significance for the monks. All the activities performed by the monks had a meaning that trascended the practical dimension.

The paper aims to explain Camaldolese Forest Code, The roots of sustainability, an initially project launched by Collegium Scriptorium Fontis Avellanae in 2003 that has undergone further development. Moreover, it wants to suggest new approaches within the sustenability culture starting with a reinterpretation of the monks' agrosilvopastoral productive system to save the environment, saving the human.

Authors: Claudio Gambardella, Raoul Romano

Explicit knowledge and tacit knowledge compose the Human Knowledge. While explicit knowledge refers to information sharable through communicative media (i.e. speech), tacit knowledge – also known as ‘know-how’ – is harder to be shared due to it is linked to experience mediated personal learning processes (i.e. learning by doing); moreover, know-how is useful to deal daily practical situations. This condition produces a dichotomy: people have know-how but they are unable to share what is mediated by their experience. Many studies evidence that know-how is a sustainable value that should be shared. While emerging opportunities arose from the last economic crisis have pointed out a large number of new chances for the use of know-how, there is a lack between the human sharing’s will and the need of solutions to convert, share and learn know-how. This study proposes a design-oriented process for converting know-how, which can be applied to emerging and developing contexts, as well as to all issues concerning social innovation, inclusion and knowledge development.

Authors: Emilio Rossi

This paper explores application of affordance in designofurban rail transit and tries to provide a supplement and expansion for traditional design theories and methods.First, thispaper gives an overview of affordance concept in ecological psychology. Second, this paper tries to expoundthe value of affordance theory in design practicethat affordance emphasizes the interaction relationshipbetween environments and occupants. Finally, this paper uses case studies to demonstrate the feasibility on combination of affordance theory with rail transit design. Concerning design practice, affordance could be used to optimize passengers’ experiences during the whole journey through effective behavioguidance, so that we will encourage more social groups to participate in this green travel.

Authors: Zhang Yu-Feng

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